The Importance Of Food In Our Lives

 Every human body needs food, this is a basic need that is essential for normal growth, development and energy. Nutritious food plays an important role in health promotion and disease prevention.

Our body: The human body is like a machine. Like a machine that burns fuel, to produce the energy it needs, the human body uses the food it consumes to produce the driving force to hold the heart rate, breathing lungs and limbs functioning.

Hunger: Famine is a condition in which the human body lacks basic food intake to produce the energy and nutrients necessary to be fully active. Hunger there are two types:

  • Acute hunger
  • Chronic hunger

Acute hunger is sudden and life-threatening. Need immediate and intense treatment. The causes can vary, depending on situations such as conflicts or natural disasters. Acute hunger accounts for 8% of world hunger.

Chronic hunger occurs gradually and occurs seasonally. When it does, it can last several generations. This is less visible but affects many people.

Both acute and chronic hunger can cause malnutrition.

Nutrition: The terms 'food' and 'nutrition' are sometimes used synonymously. Literally, that's not true. Food is a composite mixture of various ingredients consumed for nutrition. On the other hand, nutrition connotes with a dynamic process in which swallowed food is utilized by the human body for food.

Malnutrition: The term "malnutrition" means 'highly nutritious'. As much as what you eat is how much your body gets food. When protein intake, energy or carbohydrate is inadequate or because of frequent illness or infection.

The Cause of Hunger:
Broadly, there are many myths about the causes of hunger that generally mislead people and make them collectively help end hunger.

Myth 1: There is not enough food in the world for everyone to eat.
Reality: Not everyone has the access needed to buy food or process it.

Myth 2: Natural disasters and hunger that can not be controlled by society lead to hunger.
Reality: This is a generic term. About 8% of the world's starvation problems are caused by natural disasters and hunger.

Myth 3: The population boom caused hunger
Reality: Contrary to the myth that people believe, overpopulation has never been the root cause of hunger. But it could be otherwise - famine could be the main cause of population explosions. If there are more children in the family, some children can survive by working and caring for the family. This adds to family income and then takes care of the family in various ways and situations.

Food is very important
Food is very important to ward off hunger and malnutrition. Our bodies need enough food to survive. It gives us the energy needed and enough nutrients to grow and develop into healthy and energetic, moving, working, exercising, playing, thinking and learning. Our body needs the following 5 nutrients

  • Protein
  • Carbohydrate
  • Fat
  • Vitamin
  • Mineral

These nutrients are usually obtained from the foods we eat every day to stay healthy, active and productive.

Proteins - build, maintain and repair muscles, blood, skin, bones and other body tissues and organs in the body. Meat, eggs, milk and fish are common foods rich in protein.

Carbohydrates - are the primary energy source that is given to the body. Carbohydrates can be grouped into two kinds; starch and sugar. Common starchy foods include rice, corn, wheat and potatoes while sugar-rich foods include fruits, honey, candy bars and chocolate bars.

Fats - These are also known as secondary body energy sources. Fats help people survive during cold weather and are actually responsible for more energy or calories per gram than any other nutrients. Compared to other nutrients, fat is more difficult to burn. Foods rich in fat are oil, butter, lard, milk, cheese and some meat.

Vitamins and Minerals - Vitamins and minerals are needed in very small amounts by the human body and are sometimes called micronutrients, but are essential for good health, especially for organs. They basically control many functions and processes in the body, and in the case of minerals also help build body tissues such as bone (calcium) and blood (iron). 

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